Unless you are a permanent resident, you must have a work permit, commonly called “a work visa”, to work in Canada.
There are very rare exceptions…. so limited, that you should consult an immigration professional before accepting any job in Canada without a permit. Generally speaking, a work permit is needed, including for a trial period.
It is your responsibility to submit your work permit application, or that of the authorized professional you have retained to represent you (for example, an immigration attorney).
Generally, the application is submitted online. Before committing yourself to this work permit application, your employer should provide you with the positive or neutral LMIA (Labour Market Impact Study) and the CAQ – Certificat d’Acceptation du Québec – (only for the province of Quebec) that he has obtained, or alternatively, the job offer number issued after submitting his offer on the IRCC Employer Portal.
Immetis professionals are authorized to represent you and submit work permit applications on a daily basis.
Timelines can vary greatly and depend on several factors, such as age, nationality, the work permit program chosen and the job offered in Canada.
If certain permits can be delivered directly at the border, the process usually takes between two and six months. For example, it takes 2 months for a Young Professionals permit. It takes 6 months for a work permit submitted under a classic LMIA. As for some IT engineers, they have been able to obtain a permit in 3-4 weeks.
It is important to define your project properly before starting any immigration process and to anticipate these timings, and choose the best-adapted immigration programme.
From the moment you choose Immetis to represent you, we start by studying your situation with the utmost attention, in order to ascertain the immigration program in keeping with your project.
As a foreign worker, you will have the same rights and obligations towards your employer as a Canadian citizen. Nothing more, nothing less.
This means, among other things, that if your employer ends your contract or if you choose to resign, you will no longer be able to work in Canada unless you get a new permit with another employer. This also applies if you want to change jobs.
If you have an open work permit, you will be able to leave your job and work for a new employer, without having to apply for a new work permit.
The first factor that will determine whether your partner/spouse can work in Canada, is the type of position you will be holding and the duration of your work permit.
If you hold a level “O” position (executive, manager), or level “A” (university level position) or “B” (technical or college level position), as defined by the National Occupational Classification (NOC), and that your work permit has been issued for a duration of at least six months, then your partner/spouse could be issued with an open permit allowing him/her to work in Canada for the duration of your work permit.
Secondly, you must be either married or common-law spouses for your partner/spouse to be issued an open permit.
Good to know: A civil partnership is not a proof of marriage in Canada. If you are not married to your partner, you must justify that you are common-law spouses, that is, that you have been living together for at least 12 consecutive months.
Usually, it is not recommended to come to Canada and wait for your work permit. Officers may be unwilling to let you enter the country if you have a pending application for a permit that has not been finalized, fearing that you may start working illegally before you receive your permit.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
This section aims to give you general information on immigration to Canada, to simplify terms and cannot be used as legal advice. Contact our team of professionals to receive full legal advice.